Here is a two page letter of introduction for Charles Frederick Taylor to Gov. Andrew Curtain from Charles' older brother, Bayard Taylor.
Bayard is the famous author and poet, & in the letter he describes how his brother Charles has raised a company of "riflemen" and $4000 to equip them. This company would be mustered in as Company H of the 13th PA Reserves, Kane's First Regiment of Riflemen, also called the "Bucktails".
Sadly Colonel C. F. Taylor would be killed in the Wheatfield at Gettysburg on July 2nd, 1863. I also have letters written during the war by Charles which I will be posting this month!
$895.00 plus shipping
COMPANY H. "Wayne Independent Rifles."
The Wayne Independent Rifles were recruited in Chester County, headquarters being established at Kennett Square, in the Borough Hall. Among the first to enlist were Charles Frederick Taylor, H. W. Taylor, Joel J. Swayne, Robert Max- well and John D. Yerkes, and these men received able assist- ance from B. F. Wickersham, William Chalfont, Eber W. Sharp, James White, Joshua Taylor, Enoch Dixon and Jesse Eversham, citizens residing in the neighborhood. Meetings were held in near-by places, such as Chatham, and by the 23rd of April the organization had proceeded sufficiently to permit the establishment of a camp and the inauguration of drilling. On May iSth, amidst patriotic demonstrations at Kennett Square, the company left for Harrisburg, proceeding by rail- road to Philadelphia and from thence to Harrisburg, where it arrived about 6.30 p. m.
The election for company officers resulted as follows :
Captain Charles Frederick Taylor
First-Lieutenant Chandler Hall
Second-Lieutenant Evan P. Dixon
Charles Frederick Taylor, a younger brother of the author, Bayard Taylor, was born on February 6, 1840, at West Chester, Pa. He
received his primary education at the local schools at Kennett Square,
to which place his father removed in 1846. Though frail in health, he
entered the University of Michigan in 1855, somewhat against the judgment of his elder brother, and made rapid progress in his studies. In
1856, however, he left the University to join his brother and two sisters
in a tour through Europe, hoping in this way to improve his health.
The party visited England, Prance, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy,
but while Bayard made his celebrated visit to Lapland and Sweden,
Charles Frederick with his sisters remained at Lake Geneva.
In the spring of 1857 he, with his sisters, went to Gotha, intending
to perfect himself in the German language. Returning to America,
physically stronger, and mentally broader, in the fall of 1857, he returned to college; but owing to private reasons, was compelled to
abandon his collegiate ambitions to assume the direction of his father's
With the outbreak of the Rebellion, Taylor was seized with a desire to do his part to suppress it. On April 20, 1861, he called a meeting of the men in the neighborhood, in the Borough Hall, commencing
immediately the organization of a company. When this company became Company H, of the Bucktails, Taylor, who had been elected Captain, went with it, participating in the battles of Dranesville and Harrisonburg. Captured at the latter, while making an effort to rescue his
Colonel, he rejoined the regiment, and owing to Colonel McNeil having been killed at Antietam, commanded it during the battle of Fredericksburg, during which he was wounded. When he recovered, he
again rejoined the regiment, and on March 1, 1863, was promoted to
the Colonelcy. At the battle of Gettysburg he led his regiment in the
charge of the Reserves which saved Little Round Top to the Union
Army, but was killed shortly after, while in the woods, beyond and to
the left of the stone wall, in front of the wheatfield. He was buried
at Longwood. His brother Bayard, writing from Gotha, upon receipt
of the news of his death, said "Nobody knows how dear Fred was
"to me: through him I knew what a brother's love meant. I had
"brighter hopes for him than for myself: he was better and nobler
"than I." The Charles Frederick Taylor Post, G. A. R., erected a marker
to commemorate the spot upon which he fell, but through lack of data
the location selected was erroneous. The Regimental Association of
the Bucktails, however, on October 6, 1905, unveiled and dedicated an-
other marker, properly and correctly inscribed upon the spot where
Colonel Taylor was actually killed.
The officers killed were Colonel Charles Frederick Taylor,
and Second-Lieutenant Robert Hall, of Company D ; and the
officers wounded, Lieutenant-Colonel Alanson E. Niles ; Cap-
tains Neri B. Kinsey, Company C ; Hugh McDonald, Company
G ; John D. Yerkes, Company H ; and Frank J. Bell, Company
I ; and Lieutenants Joel R. Sparr, Company B ; Thomas J.
Roney, Company H ; and John E. Kratzer, Company K.
Probably no officer of the Bucktails was ever better or
more generally loved than Colonel Taylor. Cultured and re-
fined he was a favorite of the army officers who held higher
rank than he ; sympathetic and just, he was regarded with the
greatest of affection by those under him. He was the youngest
man in the Army of the Potomac holding a colonel's commission,' being but slightly over twenty-three on the day that he met his death.' General Crawford in reporting his death refers
to him as the "gallant and brave leader of the Bucktail regiment," adding, "No braver soldier and patriot has given his "life to the cause.'"
His body was taken to the family home, and interred in
Longwood cemetery, a monument principally subscribed for by
officers and men of the regiment, being erected over the grave.
A marker was placed on the battle-field, to indicate the place
he fell by the Charles Frederick Taylor Post, G. A. R. ; but as
recent investigations have proven that this marker was not
placed exactly over the spot where he fell, arrangements were
made by the Regimental Association of Bucktail or First Rifle
Regiment of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, and assented to
by the Taylor Post, to place a new marker in the correct posi-
" Bom Feb. 6, 1840 ; died July 2, 1863, aged 23 years 4 months and
The Life of Bayard Taylor (1825-1878)
“The healing of the world is in its nameless saints. Each separate star seems nothing, but a myriad scattered stars break up the night and make it beautiful.” —- Bayard Taylor.
Bayard Taylor was born to Joseph and Rebecca Way Taylor on January 11, 1825, in the village of Kennett Square. At that time, the predominately Quaker village was only a crossroads with a few dwellings, including a tavern, a hotel, and the stone-plastered building of two-and-a-half stories where the Taylors lived. Bayard Taylor was named in honor of the esteemed Delaware senator James A. Bayard. Bayard’s mother had taught him to read at age four, and early in his life, he found his real refuge in books, never tiring of reading poetry and books about the countries he longed to visit.
Early Travels and Work
Bayard was a curious and voracious reader as a child, and by the time he finished his formal schooling and tutoring in 1842, Bayard knew that he wanted to be a poet. His desire for literary recognition also prompted him to begin a correspondence with Rufus W. Griswold in November 1842. At that time, Mr. Griswold was the editor of Graham’s Magazine (1842-43) and the compiler of The Poets and Poetry of America (1842). It was Bayard’s first literary friendship, and by October 10, 1843, he had his first interview in Philadelphia. Griswold encouraged Bayard to publish a collection of his early poems, and in February 1844, Ximena; or, the Battle of the Sierra Morena, and Other Poems was published.
Around the same time, Bayard’s cousin Franklin was enticing him to accompany Barclay Pennock and himself on a forthcoming trip to Europe. Unfortunately, Bayard could not afford the journey. He hoped to finance his trip by persuading some local publishers to agree to pay him for sending back reports of his travels. This plan seemed doomed to failure until, at last, several individuals agreed to such an arrangement, including representatives from the Saturday Evening Post, United States Gazette, and Graham’s Magazine . On July 1, 1844, Bayard, Barclay Pennock, and Franklin Taylor, departed New York and sailed for Liverpool on the packet ship Oxford , and arrived in Liverpool on July 29th. The next two years were spent traveling through England, Germany, and Italy, living on approximately six cents per day. His letters tell of his delight and of the financial crises that occurred.
His letters to his newspapers were widely read, having been written in an insightful and engaging manner. On his return to America, he was advised to collect them into a book, which was published in 1846 as Views A-foot, or, Europe Seen with a Knapsack and Staff , with a preface by N. P. Willis. From the beginning, it was extremely popular, going through twenty-four editions within thirteen years. After his return from Europe, Bayard wished to marry and settle down with Mary S. Agnew, who had been his sweetheart since their early school days. Despite the objections of her parents, who thought Bayard lacked secure employment, Bayard and Mary became engaged soon after Bayard returned to Kennett Square. Immediately, Bayard began looking for employment that would provide a fixed income sufficient for him to marry. After a failed attempt at newspaper publishing, he went to New York in late November or December 1847. There, he obtained editorial work at the offices of the New York Tribune and Union Magazine . While working at the Union Magazine Bayard was visited by Horace Greeley, publisher of the Tribune . Greeley said to Bayard, “Now you must do something for this young man. His name is Thoreau. He lives in a shanty at Walden Pond, near Concord, on $37.21 a year, and he must be encouraged.” Bayard read the manuscript, Katahdin, and the Maine Woods , and persuaded Greeley to pay Thoreau seventy-five dollars for it. Unfortunately Bayard’s good intentions were overshadowed by an editorial mistake that brought immense indignation from Thoreau. While in New York, he continued to write, and in December, 1848, published Rhymes of Travel, Ballads and Poems , which was approvingly criticized by Edgar Allan Poe, who enjoyed the “glowing imagination and sonorous well-balanced rhythm . . .” In June, 1849, Bayard sailed to California via the Isthmus of Panama in order to report on the gold rush for the Tribune. During the next five months, Bayard visited San Francisco and the mines of the Mokelumne River, Stockton, the Sonoma Valley, and Sacramento. An account of his experiences in California was published in May 1850 under the title Eldorado, or Adventures in the Path of Empire . This book has proven to be Bayard’s most enduring work.