WIA Shiloh 6th/14th Mississippi Infantry CSA signed cdv officer & post war Congressman Patrick Henry.
Lt. Henry joined the 6th Miss. Infantry at the start of the war and served with them until becoming Major of the 14th Miss. (Consolidated) Infantry in 1865. He was wounded in the hand at the Battle of Shiloh, TN in April, 1862. The image has wear, soiling, scratches as seen in the photographs, it also has a very scarce Joslyn of Vicksburg, Miss. b/m! See below for a view of the back and a link to the Battle of Franklin featuring Henry.
$750.00 plus shipping.
"Patrick Henry, to whom this sketch is dedicated, was afforded the best of educational advantages in his youth, having been a student in turn, in Mississippi college, Madison college and Nashville military college. He gave prompt evidence of his loyalty to the Confederacy after the Civil war had been initiated, enlisting as a member of Company B, Sixth Mississippi, in which he was made first lieutenant, while later on at the reorganization of the army at Smithfield, N. C., in 1865, he was promoted to the office of major of the Fourteenth Mississippi, "Consolidated," which was composed of the Fourteenth and Fortythird and seven companies of the Sixth Mississippi regiment.
He participated in the following engagements, to-wit: Shiloh (wounded), Second Corinth, Coffeeville, Trough's Landing (Port Hudson), Port Gibson, Baker's Creek, Jackson, the Georgia Campaign, from Resaca to and including Atlanta, the campaign of General Hood into Tennessee, having been in the battles of Ackworth, where under orders from Brig.-Gen. John Adams, he carried in a flag of truce, and demanded and received the surrender of the Federal garrison; Decatur, Franklin, two days' fight at Nashville, and on the retreat out of Tennessee.
During the Georgia campaign, he was detailed from the line to act as assistant inspector general on the staff of his brigade commander, the lamented Gen. John Adams, who afterwards fell on the enemy's breastworks at Franklin; and continued in this service until the end of Hood's disastrous campaign. The Army of the Tennessee having been transferred to North Carolina, under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, he surrendered with that army at Greensboro, N. C., in April, 1865.
After the close of the war Major Henry turned his attention in a vigorous way to farming, and to the study of the law, being admitted to the bar of Mississippi, at Brandon, in 1872, and having ever since been established in the practice of his profession in that place. Within the third of a century represented in the period of his professional labors there he has been concerned in much important litigation and has risen to a foremost position at the bar of Rankin county, while he has been called upon to serve in positions of public trust and responsibility.
In 1878 he was elected to represent his county in the State legislature, and again in 1890, and in the latter year he was elected a delegate from the State at large to the State constitutional convention. In 1895-6 he served as assistant United States district attorney, and from the old Seventh district of the State he was elected to serve in the Fiftyfifth and Fifty-sixth congresses of the United States.
In 1903 he was elected to represent the Fifth district of Mississippi in the State senate. The senator is a Royal Arch Mason, a member of the Knights of Honor, and is commander of Rankin Camp, No. 265, United Confederate Veterans. Feb. 10, 1874, witnessed the marriage of Patrick Henry to Miss Margie E. Cocke, of Rankin county, and the children of this union are six in number, namely: Robert P., Thomas C., William M., Patrick Jr., Edmund T. and Annie Scott, two of whom—Thomas C. and William M.—are deceased."
Franklin and Nashville
The Army of Tennessee left Atlanta and went to Gadsden, Alabama. The army stopped at the banks of the flood swollen Tuscumbia River. By the middle of November, 1864, the army was able to cross the river into Tennessee. On November 26, they were just south of Columbia, Tennessee, where Union General John M. Schofield's army was camping.
Two days later, General Hood began deployment of the infantry of General Stewart and General Cheatham's, including the 6th. The infantry was accompanied by General Forrest's cavalry. Their goal was to travel east of Columbia and cut off Schofield's line of retreat at Spring Hill, on the Columbia-Franklin Pike.
On the 29th, Schofield evacuated Columbia. Late that same night, the Confederate infantry camped just off of the Columbia-Franklin Pike. Schofield's retreating army slipped past the exhausted Confederates sleeping not 600 feet away.
It would be an understatement to say that General Hood was angry when he received news that Schofield had escaped past his sleeping soldiers. He immediately ordered his army to follow Schofield to Franklin, where the foot-weary, cold, starving army arrived on the afternoon of the 30th.
The Union army was well entrenched with cannon and muskets ready. Between the Confederate line and the enemy was an open field with natural hazards and a man-made abatis. Despite opposition from his generals, Hood formed his army and gave the order to attack.
The 6th was still in Loring's Division and was placed on the right of the battle line. In the middle was Walthall with French on the left. At about 4 p.m., the line moved toward the enemy. The Union cannoneers opened fire as soon as the gray line was within range. Men were mowed down by the score. There was no Confederate artillery to return fire.
The 6th, a veteran unit, maintained it's line of march until it came to a deep railroad cut. This was about the same time they began receiving heavy enemy fire. Once through and over the railroad cut, the 6th encountered an abatis and had to navigate through it. This is where the 6th received it's heaviest casualties. Once past the abatis, the 6th charged the breastworks. According to Lieutenant Pat Henry, "... many of our men got through and into the ditch of their [Union] works..." They did not get any further.
As the battle grew silent, thousands of dead and wounded Confederates lay on the battlefield. Soon after darkness, the Union army withdrew from their fortifications leaving many of their dead and wounded behind and retreated to Nashville.
The next day, the Confederate army grieving the loss of their friends, brothers and fathers were saddened even more when word was received that theri brigade commander, General John Adams, had been killed, along with Generals Patrick Cleburne, Hiram Granbury, States Rights Gist, General Strahl and others. The 6th suffered 13 casualties. With the death of General Adams, Colonel Lowry of the 6th was promoted to brigade commander.
The 6th and the rest of the Confederate army had no time to mourn, for the next day, General Hood continued his pursuit of Schofield. This time they followed the Union to Nashville and arrived on December 8th. Winter weather made the men miserable. Shoes were scarce and coats even more so. Most of the men wore thread-bare clothes that did little to keep the cold out. Freezing temperature and sleet made conditions even worse.
The Union army made the first move on the 15th when they attached the Confederate right flank, followed by an attack on the left. The Confederates held back the Union attacks until late that afternoon, when the left collapsed. With the collapse of the left flank and a frontal attack, the Confederate line withdrew from their position and retreated.
The retreating Confederates were halted and began digging in for the inevitable Union attack. The Confederate's wake up call for the next morning came from Union artillery, followed by infantry attacks. The Confederates managed to hold back their attackers and inflicted heavy casualties. Despite their gallant efforts, it was deja vu from the day before. The left flank gave way resulting in failure of the rest of the line. The retreat was chaotic and many Confederates were captured, while others managed to escape.
Many men of the 6th had seen enough and left the army and walked home. Some ended up with other units, while most stayed with the army and put Tennessee behind them.
The Confederate army finally stopped it's retreat at Burnsville, MS where it camped until early January when the army moved to Tupelo. On January 23, 1865, General Hood resigned and Lieutenant General Richard Taylor assumed command.
The Carolinas and the Surrender
At the end of January, 1865, marching orders were received to go to West Point, MS, some 50 miles south of Tupelo. At West Point, the army boarded the train and rode to Meridian, MS. Many of the men of the 6th on fuloughs and it was hoped by high command that they weould meet up with the army at Meridian. A few did, but most did not.
With not time to wait, the soldiers boarded the trains and headed to Augusta, GA, then marched to Newbury, SC. A week later, the 6th, still in Loring's Division, road the cars to Smithfield, NC. On March 9th, the 6th left for Kingston, NC, via train and arrived the same day. With little action in that area, the army went back to Smithfield.
A week later, the 21,000 Confederates in the Smithfield area were sent to nearby Bentonville. Of these 21,000 men, approximately 270 were from the 6th. On March 19th, the Stewart's Corp's, of which the 6th part of, hidin the thick woods alongside a road. A Union force marched down the road and did not notice the Confederates hiding in the thickets and woods.
The hiding soldiers could hear the Union attack, but stayed silent in the woods. At approximately 3:15 p.m., the men in the woods were ordered to attack. They hit the ill-prepared Union line so hard and feriously that the Blue line broke and ran. Fierce hand-to-hand fighting broke out. After several hours of heavy fighting, the Union army fell back and was pursued by the Confederates for quite a distance. By dark, the Union army had reorganized and successfully held the Confederates back.
Under the cover of darkness, the Confederates pulled back to where they started that morning. Confederate casualties for the day was over 2,600.
In the following days, the Confederates successfully repulsed the Union attacks. By March 22, the Confederate position was almost completely surrounded by the Union army, so the Confederates marched back to Smithfield. The 6th provided rear guard and made it back to Smithfield the first week in April.
General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox, VA on April 9, 1865. Before word of the surrender reached the army in NC, General Johnston, commander of the troops in NC, issued Special Order No. 13 which reorganized the Army of Tennessee. Seven of the 6th companies were incorporated with the 14th and 43rd Mississippi Infantry Regiments to form the 14th Mississippi Consolidated Regiment and was under the command of Colonel Robert J. Lawrence.
The other three companies of the 6th were consolidated with the 15th, 20th and 23rd Mississippi Regiments and became the 15th Mississippi Consolidated Regiment. The commander of this regiment was Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Graham.
As a result of Special Order No. 13, the 6th Mississippi Infantry Regiment ceased to exist. This was disheartening to the men who had been in the 6th since it's inception. Disgusted with this order, several men left the army and began the long march to Mississippi.
Early on April 12th, the reorganized army left Smithfield for Greensboro. During this march, more men of the 6th slipped from the columns, left the war behind them and headed home.
With thinning ranks, Johnston's army struggled for a few more weeks. During that time, President Lincoln was assassinated and President Jefferson Davis had fled Richmond and was on his way to Greensboro. By April 16th, the Confederate army was camped near Durham Station. On the 18th, a cease fire was ordered.
Ten days later, the official surrender was signed between General Johnston and General Sherman. 155 men from the old 6th surrendered at Durham Station. 146 surrendered at Citronell, AL on May 4th.
With the war officiall over, and the men so far from home, they began the long journey homeward. Most walked home to start over again.