10th Minnesota Infantry 1863 diary. This belonged to then Sgt. John Smith of Company G. This is a well written, complete diary, 115 pages long with some pages written in ink, some in pencil.
Smith was also a member of "The Le Sueur Tigers" who were famous for their help in defending New Ulm, MN when the Dakota Indians attacked settlers in August, 1862.
It begins January 1st, 1863 and goes through May 31st, 1863. The first section of the diary covers when Company "G" was in camp, and when they attended a military school in Le Sueur before traveling to Ft. Snelling.
The famous founder of the Mayo Clinic, Dr. William Worrall Mayo, is also mentioned in an entry from February 11th, 1863: "Wednesday, Febry 11/63 Doctor Mayo got his hand burned badly by the explosion of a kerosene lamp went down to the hospital for chloroform for the doctor as his pain was severe"
The second part describes a journey to Ft. Randall, D.T. escorting Indians and supplies. Smith describes traveling through Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Dakota. Several Indian squaws and papooses die along journey. Very descriptive, Smith is an intelligent observer and has excellent grammar and spelling skills.
There are also several pages in the back of addresses, inspirational comments, and distances between St. Louis and many different cities.
The diary ends on May 31st, and between June and September, the regiment took part in General Henry Sibley's Punitive Expedition in Dakota Territory, pushing the remaining Dakota west to the Missouri River.
$795.00 plus shipping
By the summer of 1862, it was clear that the Civil War would not be over quickly. In July and August, President Lincoln called for several hundred thousand additional men to enlist for the Union cause. In response, the Tenth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment formed between August and November of that year.
With the outbreak of the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 in August, the Tenth's services were retained for state defense. Companies of the Tenth served at the defense of New Ulm and Fort Ridgely in late August, shortly after the fighting began. They also fought at the battles of Birch Coulee and Wood Lake in September.
In the war's aftermath, six companies of the regiment were present at the December 26 hanging of thirty-eight Dakota prisoners in Mankato. In early 1863, the Tenth occupied posts throughout the state....”
"...On August 19, 1862, word reached Le Sueur that the Dakota Indians Soldiers had attacked settlers living near New Ulm and were threatening the town. Militia volunteers quickly organized into two companies named the Le Sueur Tigers No. 1 and 2 and they went to New Ulm on August 19 and 20.
The Dakota made their major attack on New Ulm on August 23, and the Tigers were in the middle of the battle. Some fought from the Roebbecke Mill, a tall, strongly built structure while others fought elsewhere outside the barricades, keeping the Dakota at bay. It was a hotly contested fight. Le Sueur doctors William Worrall Mayo and Otis Ayer accompanied the Le Sueur Tigers to New Ulm and tended to the wounded. The town's defenders did manage to prevail, but the cost was high with about 30 killed..."