Ink signed cdv of 4th Illinois Cavalry/1st Mississippi Cavalry officer Captain George N. Leoni. No photographers b/m. Wear & condition shown in the photos.
Image comes with the typed biography shown.
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Fourth Cavalry.-Cols., T. Lyle Dickey, Martin R. M.
Wallace; Lieut.-Cols., William McCullough, Martin R. M.
Wallace, William L. Gibson, Majs., William McCullough, Charles
C. James, Martin R. M. Wallace Samuel M. Bowman, William L.
Gibson, Mindret Wemple, Charles D. Townsend. On Sept. 26,
1861, this regiment was mustered into the U. S. service for
three years and soon after took up its line of march for
Springfield, where it received its arms, which were not
removed from their cases, however, until the command arrived
at Cairo. Upon the arrival of the regiment at Cairo it went
into camp upon the highest ground that could be found, where
an immense amount of labor was done by the command in the way
of clearing and log rolling before a decent camp could be
arranged. Very shortly after getting settled Co. C was
detached and sent to the Big Muddy as a bridge guard, and Co.
A was detached to serve as escort to Gen. U. S. Grant, in
whose service it continued until Aug., 1863. In Dec., 1861,
when the reconnoissance to Columbus, Ky., was ordered, the
regiment moved with the rest of the army and became the
advance body, where it kept its place during the entire,
movement. It was slightly engaged at Fort Henry and then
pursued the retreating Confederates toward Fort Donelson,
meeting its first loss in the death of a private in Co. I.
The regiment participated in the battles of Fort Donelson and
Shiloh, in the movement on Corinth, then did guard duty in
various places until Aug., 1863, when it was ordered to
Vicksburg and remained at that place until the expiration of
its term of service. In the latter part of Oct., 1864, that
part of the regiment that had not reenlisted was ordered home
to be mustered out. When the regiment left Cairo in Feb.,
1862, it had about 1,100 men and when it came back to that
point in 1864, it had 340-the latter being the number that
were mustered out at Springfield in Nov. 1864.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 3
1st MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY:
Organized at Memphis, Tenn., March, 1864. Attached to District of Memphis, Tenn.,
16th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division,
District of West Tennessee, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, District
West Tennessee, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District West Tennessee,
to June, 1865.
SERVICE.-Duty in the. Defences of Memphis, Tenn., till August, 1864. Expedition from
Memphis to Grand Gulf, Miss., July 7-24. Near Bolivar July 6. Port Gibson July 14.
Grand Gulf July 16. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-31. Tallahatchie
River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek August 9. Oxford August 9 and 11. Hurricane Creek
August 13-14 and 19. At Memphis and in District of West Tennessee, till December.
Grierson's Expedition from Memphis against Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 21, 1864,
to January 5, 1865. Verona December 25, 1864. Okolona December 27. Egypt Station
December 28. Franklin and Lexington January 2, 1865. Mechanicsburg January 3. The Ponds
January 4. Moved from Vicksburg to Memphis and duty there till June, 1865. Expedition
from Memphis into Southeast Arkansas and Northeast Louisiana January 26-February 11.
Mustered out June 26, 1865.
Frederick A. Dyer "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" vol. 3