Very scarce autograph of James Egan of the 2nd U. S. Cavalry. Egan is famous for leading the charge through the Indian village at the Battle of Powder River, in March of 1876.
Here is a brief description:
"This from an Army study by MAJ Hoyt:
The hostile village was composed of about 100 lodges of Cheyenne...with a population of around 700 of which about 200 were warriors. The village occupied an area of about 200 yards by 200 yards (using Michno's research on village size as a guide)."Now that is 4 square yards per lodge...pretty dense, but then, this was winter.
"CPT James Egan with K Co., 2nd Cavalry (47 men) would charge the village with his pistols to drive the Indians out."
"Instead of charging through the village from south to north, Egan's company charged at an angle southwest to northeast and attacked the bottom half of the village. This action is inferred from Bourke (who accompanied Egan on his attack) who later sstated that if Noyes had stayed to the left of Egan and accompanied the charge they would have killed a lot of Indians. As Egan's charge ended next to the river [after going through the village mounted using pistols], his company had obviously angled to their right or the east. Egan dismounted his company and had them put away their pistols and use their longer-range carbines."
"As Egan arrived at the river [after going through the village], Mill's dismounted force [M Co, 3rd Cav] started to attack the village from the southwest and swept through the upper half of the village. This explains, Mill's comment that the village was not empty of Indians when he saw Egan dismounting his company. This was because Mills was striking the northwest half of the village that Egan's forty-seven men had not charged through. At this point the Indians who had escaped with little or no casualties fled across the rocky gorge north and northwest of the village."
"After driving through the northwest half of the village, Mills positioned his company facing north and linked up with Egan to his right (or east) and whose right flank was anchored on the Powder River. Seeing that he was out of position, Moore moved his battalion of two companies up and occupied a position to the west or left of Mills. At this point Reynold's command had captured the enemy village, and Noyes's company was headed south with the majority of the horse herd. Reynolds then ordered Johnson and hsi company to capture some of the horses that Noyes's company had left behind. Although the Indians had all escaped they were starting to exchange shots with the soldiers on the north side of the village..."
There is another great description of Egan's charge in the book "Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877" by Jerry Greene. Please see the link below to read Greene's description.
Document is dated June 9th, 1865.
Minor fold wear, otherwise in good condition. Egan played an important part in fighting Indians out west.
$175.00 plus shipping