1880 Fort Keogh M.T. DS by Ezra P. Ewers as a Captain in the famous 5th US Infantry.
Wear as shown in the photograph. Led by Colonel Nelson Miles, the 5th was one of the most active Infantry regiments during the Indian Wars.
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LIEUT. COL. EZR.A. P. EWERS
- a comrade who began service in the ranks and by his devotion to duty, bravery in arms and loyalty to country, rose to Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. He was born in Waynesport, Wayne County, New York, April 13, 1837, and enlisted at Fort Wayne, Ind., January 18, 1862, in the 19th U.S. Infantry. At the organization of Company “E”, 1st Battalion, he was assigned to that company, was appointed sergeant, March, 1862, and first sergeant, January 1863; promoted second lieutenant 19th Infantry, October 31, 1863, and first lieutenant, March 16, 1864. Comrade Ewers was with his company which was assigned to General Rousseau's Brigade, General McCook's Division. Was with his regiment at the battle of Shiloh, Stone River, Hoover's Gap and Chickamauga. He was severely wounded in the second day's fight at the latter battle. Was breveted first lieutenant, June 26, 1863, for gallant services in action at Hoover's Gap, Tenn. Captain for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Chattanooga, Tenn. Was on recruiting and mustering duty at Fort Wayne and Indianapolis, Ind., February to December, 1864, and while on duty there received well deserved promotion to Captain U. S. A. He was on duty with his regiment at Lookout Mountain, Tenn., Augusta, Ga., and other points in the South. Upon the organization of the U. S. Army, Captain Ewers was assigned to the 37th Infantry, on duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., February, 1867, commanding company with General Hancock's expedition against hostile Sioux and Cheyenne Indians. Stationed also at Forts Lyon, Col., Sumner, New Mexico, Hayes, Harker, Larned, Riley, and Leavenworth, Kan., to July, 1876, commanding company and part of the time a battalion of the 3rd Infantry with the commanding General Miles on his expedition against hostile Indians in Indian Territory, and Panhandle, of Texas, August, '74, to June, 1875. Breveted major for gallant services in action against Indians under Crazy Horse, on the Tongue River, Mon., January 8, 1877. With his regiment at Fort Keogh, Mon., December, 1876 to October, 1882. On recruiting duty at Boston, Mass., September, 1884 to October 1886. Then with his regiment at Fort Keogh, Mon., to May 31, 1886,
and changed station with regiment to Texas.
While at Fort Keogh he had charge of all the Indians at Post who had been captured or surrendered as prisoners of war; also acted as Indian Agent part of this time at Fort Bliss, (El Paso) Texas, June 1888 to November, 1890, with headquarters commanding company and part of the time post, November 30, 1890, when he was detached from regiment and company and ordered to report to General Miles on special duty in obtaining information regarding the hostile Sioux Indians and their camp in the vicinity of Fort Bennett and Pine Ridge, South Dakota. He also had in charge the captured, surrendered and wounded Indian prisoners. February 1, 1891, he left Pine Ridge, having in charge about 370 Cheyenne Indians, men, women and children, for Fort Keogh, Mon., about 400 miles distant. After thirty-four days’ travel, in very severe and inclement weather, with temperature at times forty degrees below zero, he arrived at Keogh without the loss of a single person.
For this special detached duty he was mentioned in orders as follows:
ADJUTANT GENERAL's OFFICE,
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17, 1891.
GENERAL ORDERs No. 100.
The Major-General commanding takes pleasure in publishing in orders to the army the names of the following officers and enlisted men who during the year 1890 and in the recent campaign in South Dakota, distinguished themselves by special meritorious acts or conduct in the service. * * * * December 6, 1890: Captain Ezra P. Ewers, 5th Infantry, for gallant and meritorious services in traveling sixty miles through a country infested by hostile Indians, accompanied only by Lieutenant Hale, 20th Infantry, (then of the 12th Infantry) and entering the camp of Chief Hump, an Ogalalla Sioux on Cherry Creek, South Dakota, at the time when the Indians in the camp were in an excited and dangerous condition, pacifying the Indians and changing their attitude from one of hostility and distrust, to one of peace and confidence. * * * * February and March, 1891: Captain Ezra P. Ewers, 5th Infantry, for highly meritorious services in conducting a band of 370 Cheyenne Indians from Pine Ridge, South Dakota, to Fort Keogh, Montana, a distance of about 400 miles, accompanied only by First Lieutenants Lewis Steathers, 1st Infantry, and Robert Gethy, 22nd Infantry, commanding troops of Cheyenne scouts, under peculiar, trying circumstances and during the most inclement period of a South Dakota winter. * * * *
By command of Major-General Schofield.
(Signed) J. C. KELTON,
He next served as acting Indian Agent and Inspector of Indian Agency at Lame Deer, Mon., until December, 1891; then on recruiting duty at David's Island, New York Harbor, till April, 1893. Joined 9th Infantry at Madison Barracks, Sackett's Harbor, New York, June 12, 1893; as Major with regiment at Chicago, Ill., during the riots of summer, 1894. In April, 1897, he went in command of five companies of the 9th Infantry to New York City and participated in the parade at the dedication of General Grant's monument. He commanded the 9th Infantry and a Post of Madison Barracks, New York, May 8th to August 28, 1897, and is now on duty with the regiment as lieutenant-colonel.
It will no doubt be conceded that his brilliant military record proves him a brave soldier and heroic commander, and all will acknowledge him a most worthy member of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, a highly esteemed comrade of the survivors of the Regular Brigade, justly honored by membership in the Loyal Legion, and one most pre-eminently deserving the distinguished honor of the badges he wears.