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Indian Interpreter & Scout Ben Clark Archive Document #1
Indian Interpreter & Scout Ben Clark Archive Document #1. Signed by Lt. Edward Walworth Smith of the 18th US Infantry. Smith was the A.A.G. to General Alfred Terry during the 1876 Centennial Campaign, and he is famous for writing the famous last order to General Custer.

Imprinted military letter from the Headquarters Department of Dakota, St. Paul, Minn, April 6, 1878. Directed to the Master of the US Steamer "General Sherman" by order of Brig. Gen. Terry. The General Sherman will, until further order, be under the direction of the Chief Quartermaster of the Department.
The letter then goes into detail regarding pay, purchases, stores, fuel and authorized passengers. The steamboat was being attached directly to the army to improve logistics in the northern Indian Wars.
This copy belonged to Scout Ben Clark, who was acting in the capacity of interpreter, and in charge of a body of Nez Perce Indians.
The Smith autograph is very scarce, and this DS would make a great addition to any Little Big Horn collection. An unusual item with wear as shown in the photographs.

$575.00 plus shipping.

Benjamin H. Clark was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on February 2, 1842. At the age of thirteen, he traveled to Fort Bridger, Wyoming, where he served as post courier. In 1857, he enlisted in a battalion of volunteers under Colonel Albert S. Johnston in the so-called Mormon or Utah War. He was mustered out the following year.

During the Civil War, Clark served with the 6th Kansas Cavalry, which patrolled the borders of Missouri, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. After the war, he managed pack trains for the Indian traders and married a Cheyenne woman named Toch-E-Me-Ah, known as Emily. They had a daughter named Jennie in 1872, but who died at Lawrence, Kansas, in 1893. Emily would die in January of 1873 when she was hit by a stray bullet fired during a brawl between drunken Indians at Camp Supply.

After the death of his first wife Clark married a Cheyenne woman named Red Fern. Their marriage resulted in the in the birth of another daughter, Emily. Red Fern died in 1880 and later that year Clark remarried yet again to Moka (also known as Bull Horn or Little Woman). Ben Clark was twenty years her senior. The couple had tweleve children - of whom five had died by the turn of the century.

Ben Clark became quite fluent Cheyenne and Arapaho (Cheyenne in particular) and sign language was respected by both Indians and whites. Known to the Indians as "Red Neck," from the color of his burned skin, he was well trusted by them and often served as their intermediary.

He signed on as an army scout in 1868. Clark served as chief of scouts for the Sully expedition and the Custer expedition in 1868 before assignment to General Sheridan's staff. He became a valuable asset to General Phillip Sheridan and Lt. Col. George A. Custer during the winter campaign of 1868-69. As Custer's chief scout, Clark and three other scouts reconnoitered the vicinity of Chief Black Kettle's village on the Washita River and reported the precise information regarding the terrain to Custer, who could then formulate his attack plan.

Clark is credited with telling Custer that Captain Edward Myer's command - in total disregard of Custer's direct orders - was shooting into groups of women and children. He was dispatched to order Myer's to cease at once and instead take the woman and children as prisoners.

Ben Clark was appointed post interpreter at Camp Supply in 1869 and the same position at Fort Reno in his later years.

On May 6, 1913, Moka died and was buried at the Fort Reno Military Cemetery. Despondent over the loss of his wife and suffering from paralysis, Benjamin H. Clark ended his life on July 24, 1914, by a gunshot to the temple. He was laid to rest near Moka.